A'omēŋgan [ʔaʔomeːŋgan] is a Bacar language spoken in the southeastern regions of Bacar. A'omēŋgan is a fossilized term meaning "the language of the people".
The A'omēŋgan language has the following consonants:
|Nasal||m <m>||n <n>||ŋ <ŋ>|
|Plosive||Plain||p b <p b>||t d <t d>||k g <k g>||ʔ <'>|
|Aspirated||pʰ bʰ <ph bh>||tʰ dʰ <th dh>||kʰ gʰ <kh gh>|
|Fricative||Plain||f v <f v>||s z <s z>||ʃ ʒ <sc zc>||x <x>||h <h>|
|Lateral||ɬ ɮ <lc l>|
|Approximant||j <y>||w <w>|
Note that nasals match the position of any stops of other stops that follow them, (except for the glottal stop). Also any two consonants that come together across a syllable boundary that share a MOA (ignoring differences in aspiration) and POA become geminates, with the second consonant determining if the resultant geminate is aspirated. The glottal stop is not marked when it appears word initially.
Doubled consonants are geminates.
|High||i iː||u uː|
|Central||e eː <e ē>||ə <ú>||o oː <o ō>|
|Low||a aː <a ā>|
A'omēŋgan also has the following diphthongs:
- aə <aú>
- au <au>
- ei <ei>
- ie <ie>
The syllable structure in A'omēŋgan is (C)V/L/N(V)(C) where C equals any consonant, including geminates; V any vowel; L either [j] or [w]; and N either [m], [n], or [ŋ]. V/L/N indicates that the syllable nucleus may be any of those sounds, so syllabic consonants are allowed. Any consonant combination is allowed over syllable breaks, though the nasals will shift to match the POA of following stops, if possible.
Stress is on the first syllable of the root, with secondary stress appearing on the first syllable of any other roots in a compound, or every 3 syllables following and preceding in non-compound words, or in words with affixes.
A'omēŋgan has a single plural form that is mandatory for all plural nouns. While the use of the plural form itself is simple, there are numerous irregularities, some more irregular than others.
|Sebh||sebhyen||animal(s)||normal form is -yen|
|Yin||yimyen||woman/women||final nasals convert to [m]|
|Uy||umyen||hand(s)||Words ending in y occasionally change the y to m.|
|Yinney||yinneyyen||mother(s)||But in other cases simply geminates the y.|
|Yen||ymyen||man/men|| [e] lost in final syllable of plural form if a syllable consonant is next to it.|
(not counting the y in the plural form itself)
|Scnbe||scnbayen||torso(s)||[e] shifts to [a] in some words if no consonant follows.|
|Dāpe||dāpeyen||child(ren)||But not all nouns.|
|Tīmi||tīmien||leaf/leaves||Words ending in [i] add -en, forming the diphthong ie.|
|Yah||yahhen||head(s)||Words ending in h geminate the h.|
|Ymigú||ymiguyen||wing(s)||Words ending in ú change it to u. This includes the diphthong aú.|
Articles and DemonstrativesEdit