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This is a compilation of answers to the questions on the Dr. Zahir's Ethnographical Questionnair, covering the On and Qhalqon cultures.

Questions of Place Edit

Describe the geography of where your society calls home. Edit

The On and Qhalqon live in the Intacar region of western Borea, a forested, mountainous island chain.

Describe the climate your society deals with. How severe are their seasons? Edit

The northernmost parts of the archipelago have a taiga climate, though most of the region has a marine climate. The seasons in the far north are severe, with temperatures around -20°C in the winter, and of around 20~25°C during the summer. The more southern regions are more moderate, with temperatures of around 5°C during the winter and up to 30°C during the summer, some regions in the southeast reaching 35°C during the summer. The weather is wet nearly the entire year due to the influence of the ocean.

What kinds of natural disasters has this society gotten used to? Edit

Earthquakes and volcanoes are relatively common in the region, additionally hurricanes or other severe storms pop up from time to time during the summer. The houses stand up relatively well during earthquakes due to their design, though volcanoes and hurricanes are harder to protect against.

What are the most commonly-grown foods? Edit

Zit is grown as a crop in most of the region, and various berries are added, either fresh or preserved, to improve the meal.

What are the most commonly-eaten meats? Edit

Fish and other seafood is the most common form of meat, additionally various forms or deer or elk is also added, as is the occasional gutarca.

What foods are considered exotic or expensive? Edit

Gutarca is relatively rare as a food, but when it does appear it is normally in large amounts due to their size, a single gutarca can provide enough food for an entire village for a couple days, especially when mixed with other food.

What forms of alcohol are common? Rare? Edit

Is there usually enough food and water for the population? Edit

What is this place's most abundant resource? Edit

Iron is most likely the regions most abundant resource in terms of minerals, as is coal, though at this time, neither the On nor the Qhalqon have any idea of what to do with the iron, and do not know of the coal. Obsidian is also pretty common due to the volcanoes, and is commonly used for tools.

In terms of other resources, wood is very common due to the thick forests of redwoods and other massive trees.

What is its most valuable resource? Edit

Wood is probably the most valuable resource in use, as it is used to make pretty much everything that the On and Qhalqon use, including tools, buildings, fuel for fires, and writing material. Gold is valuable in a different way, as it is used both for jewelry and as a sort of currency for trading at times, when the trade isn't a simple exchange of goods.

What resource is it most lacking? Edit

The region has very little in the way of tin or copper, making bronze tools very hard to make.

How do people travel from one place to another? Edit

People normally travel by boat if they can and if the weather permits, if they can't, they normally walk. Some ride gutar, though this is relatively rare due to the current lack of effective saddles.

Are the borders secure? In what way? Edit

People normally stay in or near their home village, but they are allowed to travel and move to other villages as long as they don't cause trouble.

How many people live here? Edit

Where in this place to they congregate? Edit

They normally live along the coasts, or along the rivers, in order to have better access to the sea.

What part of this place do they avoid? Why? Edit

Both the On and Qhalqon typically avoid the interior of the islands, as there is less food available there, and there are more wild animals as well.

What are the most common domesticated animals here? And what are they domesticated for? Edit

What are the most common wild animals? Edit

Which animals are likely to be pets? Which ones won't be? Edit

Questions of Time Edit

How far back does this society's written history go? Edit

How far back do its people believe it goes? Edit

What is the worst disaster they believe they've faced? Edit

What was the best thing that every happened to them? Edit

What in their past makes them feel ashamed? Edit

What in their past makes them proud? Edit

What are they afraid of happening again? Edit

What are they hoping will happen? Do they think it likely? Edit

What do they assume the future will hold? Edit

How has this society changed? Do its current members realize this? Edit

What are the most popular stories about the past? Edit

Who in the past is the greatest hero? The worst villain? Edit

Do people think the present better or worse than the past? Edit

Do people believe the future will be better or worse than the present or past? Edit

Questions of Sex and Family Edit

How many spouses may a man or woman have? Edit

Who decides on a marriage? Edit

Can a marriage end in divorce? How? Edit

Who usually takes custody of children if a marriage ends for some reason? Edit

How is adultery defined? What (if any) is the punishment? Who decides? Edit

How are families named?(g) What happens to orphans? Edit

How are boy and girl children treated differently? Edit

Are premarital relations allowed? Edit

How does your society define incest? Rape? How do people react to these? Edit

What, if anything, is considered a good marriage gift? Edit

What secret vice is believed to be widely practiced? Edit

What secret vice actually is practiced? Edit

What sexual habits are widely believed common among foriegners? Edit

How do people react to homosexuality? Edit

How do the genders dress? Edit

Is prostitution legal? How are prostitutes viewed? Is this accurate? Edit

What professions or activities are considered masculine? Edit

What professions or activities are viewed as feminine? Edit

What inanimate or sexless things are considered male or female? Edit

What is the biggest sexual taboo? Edit

Does this society connect the ideas of marriage with love? Edit

What does this society mean by the word "virgin" and how important it it? Edit

Questions of Manners Edit

Who speaks first at a formal gathering? Edit

What kinds of gifts are considered in extremely bad taste? Edit

How do younger adults address their elders? Edit

What colors are associated with power? With virtue? With death? Edit

If two men get into a fight, how is this supposed to be resolved? Edit

If two women get into a fight, how should that be resolved? Edit

When is it rude to laugh at something funny? Edit

What kinds of questions cannot be asked in public? In private? At all? Edit

How do people demonstrate grief? Edit

What does this society do with their corpses? Edit

What kinds of jewelry do people where? And when? Edit

Who inheirits property? Titles? Position? Edit

What happens to those suffering from extreme mental illness? Edit

What are the most popular games? How important are they? Edit

What parts of the body are routinely covered? Edit

How private are bodily functions like bathing or defecating? Edit

How do people react to physical deformity? Edit

When and how does someone go from child to adult? Edit

Questions of Faith Edit

Is there a formal clergy? How are they organized? Edit

What do people believe happens to them after death? How, if at all, can they influence this? Edit

What happens to those who disagree with the majority on questions of religion? Edit

Are there any particular places considered special or holy? What are they like? Edit

What are the most popular rituals or festivals? Edit

What do people want from the god or gods? How do they try and get it? Edit

How do their religious practices differ from their neighbours? Edit

What is the most commonly broken religious rule?(i) What is the least-violated religious rule? Edit

What factions exist within the dominant religious institutions? How do they compete? Edit

Are there monastic groups? What do they do and how are they organized? How do you join one? Edit

How are those who follow different faiths treated? Edit

What relationship do religious and political leaders have? Edit

What superstitions are common? What kinds of supernatural Edit

events/beings do people fear?

Questions of Government Edit

Who decides whether someone has broken a law? How? Edit

What kinds of punishments are meted out? By whom? Why? Edit

How are new laws created or old ones changed? Edit

Is there some form of clemency or pardon? What is involved? Edit

Who has the right to give orders, and why? Edit

What titles do various officials have? Edit

How are the rules different for officials as opposed to the common person? Edit

How do government officials dress? Edit

Is the law written down? Who interprets it? Edit

Once accused, what recourse does someone have? Edit

Is torture allowed? What kinds? Edit

How are people executed? Edit

Who cannot rise to positions of leadership? Edit

Is bribery allowed? Under what circumstances? Edit

What makes someone a bad ruler in this society? What can be done about it? Edit

What are the most common or dangerous forms of criminal? Edit

Questions of War Edit

Who declares war? Edit

Who has the power to declare conditions of peace? Edit

What happens to prisoners taken in battle? Edit

What form of warfare does this society use? Edit

Who are the Elite warriors? What distinguishes them? Edit

How does someone get command of troops? Edit

Where do the loyalties of military units lie? Edit

Are there professional soldiers? Do they make up the bulk of the military? Edit

Has this society ever attacked another? Do they want to? What would make them do so? Edit

Who are their enemies? Who's winning? Edit

What do soldiers do when there's no war? Edit

Questions of Education Edit

Does this society have its own language? Its own writing? Edit

The Qhalqon speak the Qhalqon language and the On speak Onpotcor, Though really only the On have their own writing system, the Oncor, though some of the Qhalqon have borrowed this system.

How common is literacy? How is literacy viewed? Edit

Literacy is pretty rare, and normally only the daoqon, their assistant, and the elders know how to read. Because of this, literacy is viewed as something that only the wise know.

What form and value are books? Edit

Who teaches others? How do they teach? Edit

Normally the elders or daoqon teaches people how to read.

Who decides who learns to read or write?(f) Who teaches professions, like carpenter or scribe? Edit

Are foreigners ever brought in to teach new skills? Who does that? Edit

No

How do this society's doctors try to treat wounds and sickness? Edit

Which medical assumptions of this society are wrong? Edit

Questions of Art Edit

What are the favorite artforms? Edit

What are the least-favorite? Edit

How respected are artists? Edit

Do artists require official or unofficial protection? Edit

What kinds of trouble are artists in particular likely to find themselves in? Edit

How might a very successful artist live? Edit

What forms of theatre does your society have? Edit

How naturalistic or stylized is your society's art? Edit

What shapes are most common in your society's arts, like embroidery or architecture? Edit

Which artforms get the most and least respect? Edit

What form does censorship take? Edit

Who may not be an artist? Edit

What qualities equal "beauty" in this society? Edit

What makes a man or woman especially beautiful? Edit

How do people react to tattoos? Piercings? Facial hair? Make-up? Edit

Questions of sex and marriage Edit

Is sex confined to marriage? Edit

Or, is it supposed to be? What constitutes aberrant behavior? Edit

Is there anything about this culture or religion in that culture that specifically addresses sexual conduct? Edit

Are there laws about it? What about prostitution? Edit

How old should someone be in your culture to be having sex? Edit

What is considered too great a difference in age for a couple? Edit

Do relationships allow multiple partners? Edit

Should sex be a one-to-one experience? Or are groups allowed? Edit

And, of course, what about homosexuality? Is it frowned on? Encouraged? Edit

Questions of death and burial Edit

What is their understanding of death and dying? Edit

Do they cremate their dead? Or, how are dead bodies disposed of? Edit

Is the family responsible for the body? Edit

What part do the priests play? Edit

Are there cemeteries at all? Edit

Or, does everyone have a crypt in back with all the relatives in it? Edit

Do people visit the dead? If so, how often and why? Edit

Questions of suicide Edit

What do people in this culture think about suicide? Edit

Is it the greatest sin one can commit? Or is it a sin at all? Edit

Is it the great and last comfort of a tormented soul? Edit

Is it worse than murder? Edit

Questions of Law, Justice and Police Edit

Is there a civilian police force, or is law enforcement the province of the military? Edit

Policing is in general done by the adults of the villages, so civilian.

Is the police force a nationalised one, or are there multiple regional forces? Edit

Each village polices itself, so it's very regional.

How "military" are they? Are they usually/ever armed? Edit

The are normally armed.

What is the extent of their authority? Can they shoot you? Can they use magic? Can they torture or otherwise force a confession? Can they use telepathy? Edit

No magic, though the extent of their authority is mostly undefined, and can vary from village to village.

Are there individuals or groups who are above the law? Edit

The daoqon/thaiqon and their assistant are somewhat above the law, but not if they mess up big enough

Is there a secret police? Edit

N/A

What is the role of police informants, if any? Edit

N/A

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